Today, The Gospel Coalition posted a brief excerpt of a book by Sam Storms answering this question: Do All Infants Go to Heaven?
I am largely in agreement with Storms’ arguments and conclusion. In my estimation, however, Jeremiah 1:5 and Luke 1:15 refer to God’s choice of a prophet, not infant salvation. Also, I do not think the Bible describes salvation in terms of deterministic, individual election. Rather, the Bible describes salvation as a gift of grace that individuals are free to accept or reject. Otherwise, this is an excellent article. My favorite quotation from the article is:
Given our understanding of God’s character as presented in Scripture, does he appear as the kind of God who would eternally condemn infants on no other ground than that of Adam’s transgression?
Storms anticipates the rhetorical answer: no.